Updated: Dec 2, 2019
Taking care of a new baby is more than meets the eye. There are many things involved. Things like taking care of its skin, the diaper area, nails, and ears. This article will explain the method to clean your baby the most natural but effective way:
Cleaning your baby's face
The skin on the face is different from the rest of the body; it's usually more abundant in sebaceous glands. This is what makes the face more greasy and prone to pores clogging, thereby causing acne. It's also more sensitive than the other parts of the body and it should be cleaned with extra care to avoid chemicals coming in contact with the eyes and the mouth. More still, the face is also in close link with milk, other food, and saliva. These foods must be taken out to prevent face irritation.
Cleaning your baby's face with a damp cloth is enough to remove dirt and excess of sebum without harming your baby's skin and eyes. Only if necessary it could be alternated with a cleanser that doesn't irritate the eyes and water, or with milk or lotions. Overall, you should avoid oily tonics as they could clog the pores, also harsh or irritating products.
Your baby's body
Cleaning your baby in a tub with warm water is recommended, especially for his first bath. There is no need to add oils or other products to the bathing water. And you should apply a mild cleanser on specific areas only. Ultimately though, your cleanser should have a neutral or more acidic pH level that is closer to the pH of the skin, to be able to clean without damaging the skin (Try Baby HB little wash, entirely toxin and fragrance-free!). Also see that it be used just where it's visibly dirty like in the diaper area or where you see food remains, also in skin folds, hands and knees, especially if the baby's already crawling. For the remaining parts, water alone is enough.
The use of a natural sponge could make this easier but it is not mandatory. It's recommended to bathe the baby 2-3 times a week, increasing the frequency with the baby's age and depending on their habits, in this case notably less is more.
The diaper area
Diaper changes should be made frequently regardless of the type of diaper used. The care rituals could vary according to people personal preferences, but some of them must remain unchanged. After each diaper change due to defecation, the diaper area should be cleaned with water and a cleanser if available, and thoroughly dried. If it's necessary, a lotion or a diaper cream could be applied but that is not necessary in every case or even daily.
Some products like Baby Booty Super Oleo Cream can be used to clean the diaper area after changing a urine only diaper as it cleanses and leaves a discrete protective film that prevents moisture in the area. It could also be used as a protective lotion after cleaning with water and a cleanser.
If diaper rash has already occurred, it's important to keep the affected area dry and clean. If possible try going diaper free for a while. Zinc oxide creams could also be used after each change. If the rash is persistent or too intense, consult with your health care provider as infections like candidiasis can also cause redness of the diaper area.
Cleaning the baby's ears
The baby's ears should only be cleaned externally with a clean cloth, it's harmful to introduce anything into a baby's ear, neither liquids nor cotton swabs because the ear can clean itself by producing ear wax that can move out of the canal on its own. Introducing cotton swabs into the ear canal could cause irreversible damage to the tympanic membrane and other structures of the ear.
Babies can have long nails at birth that could become potential scratching tools on themselves or others. Within the first days, you could use a baby file to round the edges and after the nails have hardened enough, then use a small nail clipper to cut the nail, with care to not touch the skin. Also, remember that clipping baby's nails is not painful to them.